Hey Beautiful Heads!
Lets, Get 2 Know Your Skin Today!
How many of you guys know enough about your skin?
Well, whatever your answers are going to be, I am sure you all have many questions popping out right above your head for your skin troubles. Today we are going to focus on some important features about skin that are going to answer all of your questions for skin related troubles.
Why is it even important to know your skin?
Surprisingly, many people have never learned how to take care of their natural beauty.
Several times they choose wrong skincare products which make skin-irritations more irritating instead of helping it through. I hope you find something helpful to deal with your dilemmas through today’s lesson.
If you are facing some skin-related complications, you better know your skin as early as possible. So let’s pay attention and discuss skin features and characteristics along with skin disorders because that thing bothers you a hell lot. First, take a tour to the world of skin where you will get to know;
1. What is skin
2. What are different types
3. What are skin imperfections or disorders
4. A broad discussion on skin disorders according to skin type
1. What is Skin?
Skin is the outermost layer of our body that works in different ways to protect and maintain our inner body functions. This is the largest organ of our body’s Integumentary system and plays an important immunity role.
2. What are the different types of skin?
Basically, the skin has 4 types that are, Normal skin, oily skin, dry skin, and combination skin. But according to condition, we have some special skin type’s like-Sensitive skin, sallow skin, and matured or aged skin.
Till here almost everyone knows about these basic differences in skin types but what you don’t know about, is skin disorders. This is the main role player in your nightmares.
Every skin type comes with its own kind of vulnerability to trigger imperfections. It can be said that skin type plays the main role to attract disorders.
But, first and for most, you should be able to differentiate between skin disorder and skin disease for that you have to know your skin correctly. Many people mix up with disorder and disease.
The disease is something that can only be treated with medical supervision and not by any parlor techniques. Whereas, disorders can be dealt with proper parlor technique & therapist advice.
3. What are skin imperfections or skin disorders?
Skin disorders can be divided into 2 basic types;
1. Sebaceous gland disorder
2. Pigmentation disorder
What is Sebaceous Gland Disorder?
In simple words, sebaceous glands are some kind of microscopic glands that exist in our skin layer and produce a natural oil called Sebum. It is responsible to secrete Sebum oil that lubricates our hair and skin. This is the reason our hair and skin look soft and smooth. It also protects our body against microorganisms.
For any reason like hormonal imbalance or climate change, this gland may fail to work properly. That may result in producing too much oil or even very less oil than required.
In either way, it triggers impurities. Improper amounts of sebum oil can make a suitable surface on the skin to attract outsiders like bacteria, pathogens, or any other foreign particles.
Acne, oily skin, and oily scalp, Enlarged pores, Whiteheads, and Blackheads are the result of excessive sebum secretion. On the other hand, less sebum makes the skin become dry, patchy and invites wrinkles and fine lines.
What is Pigmentation Disorder?
The first thing to know is, our skin has some special cells called Melanocyte, which produces a pigment called melanin, which is responsible for our skin color. If Melanocyte does not work properly it causes abnormal deposition of melanin pigment. That can be referred to as Hyperpigmentation or Hypopigmentation.
When a certain area of skin gets darker than usual body color, it is called Hyperpigmentation. This is a common and harmless condition of skin disorder.
Sun-tan, Freckles, Solar Lentigines, Melasma/Chloasma are some examples of hyperpigmentation.
In other conditions, skin color may get lightened abnormally than overall skin tone because of the abnormal deposition of melanin. This condition is called Hypopigmentation disorder.
Well, unlike Hyperpigmentation this skin condition is very tough to treat and medical supervision is specifically needed here.
You can check out some reference pictures here for Albinisms, Vitiligo/Leucoderma, Tinea Versicolor, which are examples of Hypopigmentation.
4. A broad discussion on skin disorders according to skin type
Now, that we have got some knowledge about skin disorders, here we start our vast discussion on skin troubles according to skin types. This will help you to identify and know your skin;
For oily skin:
This kind of skin is well-known to people and very easy to identify. Its name says all about it. Oily, thick & coarse texture is the sign of this kind. It makes the skin appearance greasy & shiny. Below Mentioned are the common oily skin disorders;
When a hair follicle or pores get clogged with dead skin cells and sebum, A bacteria named “Propionibacterium acnes or Cutibacterium acnes find its suitable place to feed themselves. This Acne issue is very common in teenagers because of their age of hormonal changes.
Oily skin texture is the favorite food junction for Propionibacterium acnes/ Cutibacterium acnes, but it can also be found in dry skin texture. Acne can be seen in different types and symptoms because of their stages of life.
In the 1st stage;
Propionibacterium acnes attacks the skin surface and is found in small red bumps over the face, neck, or back area of the human body. They can be painful and look like rashes.
In medical terms, these are called The Papules.
In the 2nd stage;
Those small bumps get larger in size and filled with pus in their tips. These are called Pustules.
In the 3rd stage;
Those Pustules become Nodules that are larger in size, solid, painful, and set beneath the skin surface. Pus cannot be seen very clearly but it stays deep inside the lumps.
In the 4th stage;
Nodules become stubborn with pus-filled painful features and look like a cyst. It is the most serious kind of acne condition that develops deep under the skin. In medical terms, it is called Cystic Acne.
What do we do to help out dealing with oily skin?
- Never pop it out as it may cause spreading out all over the skin surface.
- Use oil-free and non-comedogenic skincare products. For reference, you can check these oil control products here.
- Avoid layering your skin with harmful makeup
- Use a suitable sunscreen
- Eat more citrus fruits and drink plenty of water
- See a therapist or Aesthetician or Dermatologist as per the severity of acne
Sometimes enlarged pores or hair follicles get clogged by sebum and dead cells but before a bacterium can attack, it gets oxidized by air exposure and forms a dark spiky like appearance at the skin surface. In Cosmetology terms, these are open comedones that are usually known as Blackheads.
When the comedones do not get enough space to get exposed to air because of the small pore size, they remain under the skin and layers of dead cells and sebum makes it look like a bump. It can be stated as a pimple but it’s unable to feed bacteria because the skin pores are not open in this case. so no bacteria can attack here. That is the reason it is named as closed comedones in Cosmetology.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Always keep your skin surface clean and use toner to minimize pores.
- Always use Non-comedogenic products
- Avoid staying longer under makeup coverage to avoid comedones
- Exfoliate your skin on an interval of 7 days.
- It can be extracted but always prefer a Dermatologist or an Aesthetician or a Skin Therapist for the job done.
For Normal skin
It is the most balanced form or textured skin that is an output of balance in the Sebaceous gland with other natural resources of skin. Naturally, this skin type is very decent and does not bother you much but due to negligence, this type of skin faces a lot of problems like pigmentation and skin breakouts.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Take good care of your skin so that it does not get too flakey or too greasy
- Hydrate your skin by drinking plenty of water and applying a good moisturizer.
- This skin type is most vulnerable to sun exposure, so wearing a sun shield is a must
For Dry skin
Dry skin is the result of low Sebum secretion and low hydration. This type of skin is very sensitive to the climate. Skin is likely to be thin, stretchy, and flakey in this case.
Most commonly it is prone to get wrinkles, fine lines, Milia along with all sun exposure results like suntan, Freckles, Solar Lentigines but it may also catch Acne and Comedones because of losing normal pH level.
Imperfections of dry skin are comparatively tough to deal with, and this is the reason we advise you to seek medical supervision or see an Aesthetician in case of any disorder you notice. Remember no tricks and hacks can eliminate your dry skin disorders other than experts.
What do we do for help?
- Sunscreens are must
- Drink plenty of water and fruits to keep hydrated from inside.
- Use good hydrating night cream and serum. Click here to check references
- Maintain an exfoliation gap of a minimum of 10-15 days
- Put moisturizer frequently on your skin.
For Combination skin
This skin type indicates a combination of oily skin and dry skin features on a single canvas. As a result, disorders of both skin types can be seen here.
Generally, the T-Zone area (forehead, nose, and chin) appears oily and the C-Zone area (Cheek & jawline area) appears dry. Pores in the T-Zone area are enlarged whereas the C zone area appears quite shrunken. Sometimes these signs can be seen oppositely too.
This has the most imbalanced skin features. In oily areas, blemishes can be seen like acne, comedones, enlarged pores. Moreover, any disorder in combination skin is quite tricky to deal with.
This skin feature needs high maintenance and any wrong product can make it worse. So those who have combination skin need to be more serious about their skincare products and seek expert advice if required.
What to do when you have combination skin;
- Be very specific about using combination skincare products
- Never do experiments with home remedies
- Use Broad-spectrum sunscreens
- Always keep your face clean and hydrated to avoid extra dryness in dry areas.
♦ Till now we have discussed skin disorders according to basic skin features. I hope you got to know your skin a little and it has done enough to catch your attention. Now it’s time to obtain more knowledge on skin types that are literally skin conditions and not be added in the list of skin types. So let’s know your skin more;
Persistent issues of having rashes, tiny red bumps, and reactions to some product or ingredient are the sign of sensitive skin. This kind of skin is more like a skin condition of being sensitive instead of having a special texture.
Skin can be thin, itchy, dry, and flakey by appearance. It can react with the climate or the fragrance you use. It is prone to redness & broken capillaries. So unlike others, here taking care is totally different than others.
To deal with sensitive skin;
- See an expert for product suggestions.
- Do not change your fragrance more of often
- Use fragrance-free skincare products
- UV rays are the big enemy of your skin so shield yourself before you go out
- Try to stick with the products which suit you
- Make-up needs to be avoided as much as you can
No color look is the only feature of this kind. It is a result of a medical condition like Anemia or lack of vitamin B derivatives that gives a pale and no color like appearance.
This is another conditional skin feature that comes with prone to fine lines and wrinkles and cellular buildup over the skin surface. This can be described as aged skin that gradually loses its control over water retention. This skin is a feature of elderly peoples.
With the year passed, their skin loses its basic feature (Normal, oily, Dry, Combination) and turns into mature and aged skin. Sagginess, fine lines, and wrinkles are the common symptoms of aged skin. And to deal with it, seek advice from a skin expert.
P.S. For all the above-mentioned skin conditions or skin disorders we have got different kinds of modern treatments that are very effective, but the bottom line is once you know your skin and you focus on your healthy wellbeing inside, it would work faster and reflect outside.