Microsoft introduced an operating system named Windows on November 20, 1985. Over 29 years later a lot has changed. The last Evolution of Microsoft Windows happened 4 years ago. The Windows operating systems for desktop PCs are more formally called Microsoft Windows and is actually a family of operating systems for personal computers.
Windows provides a graphical user interface (GUI), virtual memory management, multitasking, and support for many peripheral devices. In addition to Windows operating systems for personal computers, Microsoft also offers operating systems for servers and mobile devices.
Windows 1.0 was released in November 1985 and was Microsoft’s first true attempt at a graphical user interface in 16-bit.
Windows 2.0 was released in December 1987, and was more popular than its predecessor. It features several improvements to the user interface and memory management.
Windows 2.1 was released in two different versions: Windows/286 and Windows/386.
Windows 3.0, released in 1990, improved the design, mostly because of virtual memory and loadable virtual device drivers. The first Windows that required a hard drive.
Windows 3.1, made generally available on March 1, 1992. It introduced TrueType fonts making Windows a viable publishing platform for the first time.
Windows 95 was released on August 24, 1995. While still remaining MS-DOS-based, Windows 95 introduced support for native 32-bit applications, plug and play hardware.
Windows 98 was released in June 1998. A new development team within Microsoft began work on a revamped version of IBM and Microsoft’s OS/2 operating system known as “NT OS/2”.
On February 17, 2000, Microsoft released Windows 2000, a successor to NT 4.0.
Arguably one of the best Windows versions, Windows XP was released in October 2001.
Windows XP would also introduce an updated Start menu and a “task-oriented” Windows Explorer, streamlined multimedia and networking features, Internet Explorer 6, integration with Microsoft’s .NET Passport services.
Windows Vista was released on November 30, 2006. It contained a number of new features, from a redesigned shell and user interface to significant technical changes, with a particular focus on security features.
On July 22, 2009, Windows 7 was released. It was faster, more stable and easier to use, becoming the operating system most users and business would upgrade to from Windows XP, forgoing Vista entirely. It was intended to fix all the problems and criticism faced by Vista.
Windows 8 was released on August. 1, 2012 and is a completely redesigned operating system. These changes include the Start screen, which uses large tiles that are more convenient for touch interactions and allow for the display of continually updated information, and a new class of apps which are designed primarily for use on touch-based devices.
Windows 8.1 introduced in October 2013. An update to Windows 8, called Windows 8.1, and includes features such as new live tile sizes, deeper OneDrive integration, and many other revisions.
It was released on July 29, 2015. It is designed to unify all Windows platforms across multiple devices, including Windows Phone and tablets, with universal apps that can be downloaded from the Windows Store and run on all Windows devices.
Windows CE officially known as Windows Embedded Compact. That runs on minimalistic computers, like satellite navigation systems and some mobile phones.
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