ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 enters the Moon’s orbit

According to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), after nearly 30 days of space travel, Chandrayaan-2 successfully entered into the orbit of the Moon today at 9.02 am. The orbit achieved is 114 km x 18072 km.

And after this, a series of orbit manoeuvres will be performed on Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft to enable it to enter its final orbit passing over the lunar poles at a distance of about 100 km from the Moon’s surface.

This is one of the trickiest operations because if the satellite approaches the Moon at a higher than expected velocity it will bounce off it and get lost in deep space. But if it approaches at a slow velocity, the Moon’s gravity will pull the Chandrayaan 2 and it might crash into the surface.

Subsequently, the lander of Chandrayaan-2 will separate from the Orbiter and enters into a 100 km X 30 km orbit around the Moon. Then, it will perform a series of complex braking maneuvers to soft land in the South Polar Region of the Moon on September 7, 2019, ISRO said.

In a tweet today, ISRO said media will be briefed on the lunar orbit insertion at 11am IST, and that the press conference can be streamed live on the ISRO website and YouTube channel.

Chandrayaan-2 developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the mission was launched from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 22 July 2019 at 2.43 PM IST (09:13 UTC) to the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).

If Chandrayaan-2 landed successfully, then it would make India the fourth country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, after the space agencies of the USSR, the USA and China. This spacecraft launch was initially scheduled for 14 July 2019, 21:21 UTC (15 July 2019 at 02:51 IST local time), with the landing expected on 6 September 2019. However, the launch was aborted due to a technical glitch and rescheduled to 22 July 2019. On 22 July 2019 at 09:13 UTC (14:43 IST) GSLV MK III M1 on its first operational flight successfully launched Chandrayaan-2.

Further information about Chandrayaan 2 you can search here- wiki, isro.

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